Leather is by far one of the most durable and longest lasting upholstery materials available. It’s perfect for any room, and in addition to withstanding all the rigors of daily life, it is a timeless material that never goes out of style. Investing in high-quality, top grain leather furniture provides exceptional long-term value. In fact, with proper care, your new sofa should last the rest of your life.
Caring for a leather sofa or other leather furniture isn’t difficult, but it’s a bit different from caring for other upholstery materials, such as fabric. By taking the steps to properly clean and protect your new furniture, you can ensure that it will provide you with years of beauty and comfort. Read on to learn more about how to clean leather sofas and other furniture pieces.
What Is Top Grain Leather?
When shopping for family room furniture, you will likely encounter a few different types of leather. Top grain leather comes from the outermost layer of cowhide that is largely considered the highest quality part of the hide. It does not contain the fibrous second layer, known as the split, which makes it softer and more pliable. Top grain leather is an exceptional upholstery choice for sofas because it is easy to wipe clean and is resistant to staining.
Full Grain, Split and Bonded Leather Furniture
Full grain leather also comes from the outermost layer of a cow’s hide; however, it includes the splint, the fibrous second layer. It is extremely stiff and durable, yet still breathable. It undergoes minimal processing before being used to upholster furniture, and it still has visible grain markings and variations in coloring.
Split leather and bonded leather are also common upholstery choices. Split leather is made from the layer that remains after the top grain leather is removed. It is naturally soft, and it is also used to make suede. While sometimes used on furniture, it is not utilized often on sofas and other large pieces. Bonded leather, is made from scraps that are blended with an adhesive to form large sheets. Because of how it is made, it is thinner and less durable than other types of leather.
While top grain leather is more costly than split or bonded leather, it offers exceptional comfort and durability. Its smooth surface is also easier to clean, remove spills and care for than other leather types.
Why Choose Top Grain Leather Furniture
While full grain leather is the highest quality of leather you can get, top grain leather upholstery is generally a better choice for large pieces of furniture. It is created using a tanning process during which the top grain layer is buffed and sanded. This process makes it exceptionally durable and more resistant to stains than full grain leather. The stain resistance is even greater when a pigment is added to the leather.
For anyone with kids or pets, the stain resistance of top grain leather means it is less susceptible to accidental damage. Top grain leather is available in two grades: semi-aniline and aniline. Semi-aniline leather has a protective topcoat to make it even more stain resistant. Aniline top grain leather lacks the protective coating and is the more natural option. While the lack of a protective coating makes it extremely soft, it also makes the upholstery more susceptible to stains. For this reason, most people choose semi-aniline leather for their sofas.
How to Care for and Clean Top Grain Leather Furniture
Supplies Needed to Clean Top Grain Leather Furniture
If you own a top grain leather sofa, you will need to invest in a quality cleaning product. We highly recommend using Leather CPR, a cleaner and conditioner made specifically for leather. Leather cleaning products should be used roughly once a year to maintain the quality of your sofa.
When you are shopping for cleaning and conditioning products, make sure they are made specifically for leather furniture. Avoid oils, saddle soaps, furniture polish, varnish, oils and any products containing ammonia. Because the leather has already been preserved during the tanning process, there is no need for such products. Plus, they can damage your furniture.
Monthly Cleaning for Top Grain Leather Sofas
It’s a good idea to regularly clean out the coins, small objects and other debris that have settled between your couch cushions each month. Once you’ve removed the larger objects, use a handheld vacuum with a soft brush attachment to pick up crumbs, dust, etc. Vacuum carefully and only do so if you have a soft brush attachment to avoid scratching your furniture. After vacuuming, wipe your leather furniture down using a warm, damp cloth.
If your sofa is relatively unsoiled, there is no need to do any additional cleaning. If, however, there are more heavily soiled or grimy areas, use a small amount of leather soap to remove it. Apply to a damp rag, then gently clean away the grime. Don’t scrub too hard to avoid damaging the leather.
When using a new leather cleaning product, test it on an inconspicuous area first to ensure that it doesn’t damage the leather. Never use regular soap or solvents, and don’t soak your leather couch with a lot of water. Most often, there is no need to use anything other than a clean, damp cloth. When that doesn’t do the job well enough, only use products that are specifically made for use on leather furniture.
Condition your Leather Furniture Annually
Once a year, it is important to condition the leather. This keeps it from drying out and prevents cracking. A product like Leather CPR restores shine, luster and suppleness to dehydrated leather and helps protect it from future damage. Whatever product you choose, look for a high-quality conditioner that is designed specifically for use on leather.
Apply the conditioner to your sofa using a soft, lint-free cloth. Allow the leather to absorb the conditioner until it takes on a cloudy appearance. Next, use a flannel cloth or horsehair brush to buff the surface of your sofa. This makes the leather shine like new while creating a natural sealant that helps the material retain moisture. There are several different leather conditioners on the market, and while most work roughly the same way, different products may have alternate usage instructions. Before using any product, read the instructions carefully and perform a spot test on a discreet area.
Cleaning Spills, Spots and Stains from Leather Furniture
No matter how careful you are, spills, spots, and stains on your leather couch are almost inevitable — especially if you have pets or kids. The good news? They are usually easy to deal with. When minor spills happen, blot up the excess liquid immediately using a clean, absorbent sponge or microfiber cloth. Avoid rubbing the spilled substance, as this can force it deeper into the surface and worsen the stain. If the spill is sticky or leaves a residue or a spot, use a soft cloth that has been lightly moistened with lukewarm water. Gently clean the entire area where the spill occurred, and let it dry naturally.
For grease, oil, or butter stains, wipe up the excess with a clean, dry microfiber cloth, and then leave it alone. After a short period of time, the spot should dissipate into the leather. Don’t use any type of degreaser or soap, as it will likely do more harm than good. If you have a persistent spot or stain that won’t go away using the techniques above, talk to a professional leather specialist. Getting help from an expert is generally much more affordable than paying to replace your sofa if you permanently damage the leather with a do-it-yourself (DIY) cleaning technique or solution.
When it comes to high-quality furniture, top grain leather is the way to go. It is soft and breathable, yet extremely durable and, with the proper top coating, incredibly resistant to stains. Because it is a natural material, it does require a bit more care than synthetic upholstery materials like microfiber or vinyl. The necessary upkeep, though, it much less than many people realize.
To ensure the longest life possible for your top grain leather sofa, clean up spills right away to prevent stains and wipe up dust monthly. Apply a high-quality leather conditioner once a year, and your furniture should last a lifetime. While top grain leather furniture comes at a higher price than pieces upholstered using lower-quality fabrics, they are designed to withstand the test of time, and they offer exceptional value due to how long they last. If you are looking for beautiful and durable furniture that is perfect for families, you can’t go wrong with a leather sofa.